Integrated Intensive Forest Management:
Northeast China

The Integrated Intensive Forest Management (IIFM) project was established in 1986 by the Chinese government in partnership with Canada through the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA). The Langxiang Forest Bureau in Heilongjiang Province was chosen as the project site. The project lasted for 10 years.

The project was initiated to:

  • Create a fully operational, integrated, intensive forest management model as a basis for testing, adapting, and introducing proven technologies and forest management methods. Elements of the model included harvesting (operations and design), hauling equipment, roads (construction techniques and design), forest management planning, genetics, forest health management, forest inventory, sawmilling and silviculture. Technology transfer and training was a large component of the project.
  • Increase the growth and enhance the rational use of China’s scarce forest resources.

Three CNRG principals were involved in this project: Don Reimer, Martin Watts and David Barker.

Don Reimer directed the growth and yield and the computer technology program. His work focused on development of appropriate technologies and approaches for the local situation, training of Chinese counterparts in all aspects of growth and yield work. This included field work and analyses, development of preliminary site index curves for 17 major species groups and development of preliminary mixed-species, mixed-age growth models for 15 forest types.

Don also was responsible for providing expertise for the design, construction and equipping of a regional computer centre, directed the selection of GIS and related software for the facility and directed the on-site training programs, including training on software development, facilities management and applications technical support. The computing facility was designed to operate reliably under remote, rural conditions while providing daily computing and software services for forest inventory, GIS, growth and yield modeling and forest management planning for the project.

Martin Watts was involved in maintaining and advancing the growth and yield portion of the program that was established in the first phase of the project. This involved the introduction of growth and yield techniques and assisting counterparts in developing and maintaining these techniques.

Results from the growth and yield program in the second phase of the project included:

  • The re-measurement of permanent sample plots that were established in the first phase to measure forest growth.
  • Derivation of site index equations and yield functions for plantation species and the mixed natural forest.
  • Introducing counterparts to database development, database management, the use of statistical software and computer programming.
  • Lectures and instruction on the maintenance of the growth and yield program, analysis of the data and applications of computers in growth and yield to Langxiang Inventory Brigade staff.

David Barker’s work involved designing and setting up research trials in silviculture practices in Langxiang, training of Chinese in tending and research trials. In Canada, Dave was responsible for designing and conducting a series of Canada-wide forest management tours of groups of Chinese foresters and technicians. In China, he worked with Chinese counterparts in reviewing silviculture regulations and annual monitoring and reporting of silviculture projects.

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